Simone racconta il secondo training di “Get Up Stand Up” in Repubblica Ceca[:en]Simone tells the second training of “Get Up Stand Up” in Czech Republic

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Dal 14 al 20 settembre ho preso parte come rappresentante di HRYO a un training course del programma Europe for Citizens in Repubblica Ceca, precisamente a Litomysl. Litomysl è una deliziosa cittadina a un paio d’ore da Praga. Nel suo centro storico vi è un bellissimo castello, divenuto nel 1999 patrimonio dell’Unesco. Uno dei valori aggiunti di questo training è stato di alloggiare e svolgere le attività proprio all’interno di questo castello, nello specifico nelle vecchie birrerie, sistemate e adibite a ostello. Un luogo fresco e moderno ma al contempo pieno di storia e ispirazione.

Questo training course era incentrato sulla libertà di espressione e i diritti umani. Erano presenti associazioni dalla Grecia, Cipro, Germania, Repubblica Ceca, Polonia e Italia. 30 ragazzi nello stesso luogo, tutto il giorno, parlando, ridendo, condividendo, confrontandosi, imparando l’uno dall’altro. Crescendo. Una settimana può non sembrare abbastanza per stabilire connessioni profonde, ma in realtà lo è. Non è stata la prima volta che ho legato così tanto con altre persone in così poco tempo, ma ogni volta è sempre difficile interiorizzare la cosa.

Personalmente adoro le storie. Credo che l’essere umano sia fatto di storie. Abbiamo sempre vissuto di storie e sempre lo faremo. Durante questo training ho chiesto la storia di tutti i partecipanti: c’era il ragazzo italiano che a malapena parlava inglese ma che con la sua espressività e la sua attitudine alla vita riusciva a farsi capire meglio di chiunque altro; c’era un rifugiato politico russo che era scappato a Berlino perché perseguitato per un progetto sullo studio del voto; c’era il ragazzo indiano volontario in Germania che voleva rimanere in Europa per studiare il cambiamento climatico. C’erano altre storie. E poi c’ero io, che arricchivo la mia storia con quelle degli altri.

Ognuna di queste persone ha fatto in modo che il progetto potesse finalizzarsi in maniera ottima. Merito anche ovviamente dei due trainer, Alex e Luiza, che sono stati fantastici. Disponibili e sorridenti, sono stati in grado di coinvolgerci a pieno in tutte le attività, gestendo il tempo senza essere troppo rigidi.

Il team working, il dialogo, la risoluzione dei conflitti, la riflessione e il dibattito per arrivare a un obiettivo comune sono stati tutti elementi integranti nel corso delle varie attività. Spesso queste erano mirate a creare coesione nel gruppo, spingendoci a farci scontrare e discutere, per poi alla fine renderci più uniti.

Il tutto ovviamente attraverso l’educazione non formale, in cui il processo di apprendimento non deve essere a senso unico. Non a caso alcune ore sono state consacrate come open space, in cui ognuno poteva scegliere cosa voler condividere, insegnare, e imparare dagli altri.

Prima della partenza ero molto curioso di sapere come altri paesi con diversi contesti fossero riusciti a conquistare le libertà e diritti acquisiti fino ad oggi. E’ stato molto interessante conoscere dalle presentazioni e dalle messe in scene dei partecipanti i fatti e le storie avvenuti: lotte, proteste, richieste e sacrifici alla conquista dei diritti e libertà fondamentali. Al contempo, è stato utile capire che per alcuni di noi determinati diritti sono scontati, mentre per altri non lo sono affatto.  Leggerlo è un conto, ascoltarlo dalle voci di chi direttamente ne ha vissuto il riflesso è un altro.

Un’altra attività che mi ha colpito è stata quella di dover individuare una serie di articoli di giornale che riportassero il rispetto o le violazioni dei 30 articoli riportati nella Dichiarazione universale dei diritti umani. E’ sorprendente quanto ormai siamo abituati al fatto che questi non vengano rispettati, tanto da vederlo quasi come una normalità, al punto da non farci più scandalizzare. Dobbiamo ricordarci di non dare nulla per scontato, neanche le cose più elementari, e che dobbiamo essere anche noi i fautori di quello che aneliamo come società.

E’ un grande dispiacere per me non prendere parte alla terza parte di questo progetto che si volgerà a Cipro, ma sono sicuro che i prossimi partecipanti sapranno apprezzare il lavoro che verrà svolto.

 

Simone Grassi[:en]

From 14th to 20th of September I took part as a representative of HRYO in a training course found ed by the Europe for Citizens program in Czech Republic, specifically in Litomysl. Litomysl is a delightful town located a couple of hours from Prague. In its historic center stands a beautiful castle, which in 1999 became a UNESCO heritage site. One of the added values of this training was that the activities and the staying were held right inside this castle, specifically in the old breweries, arranged and used as a hostel. A fresh and modern place but at the same time full of history and inspiration.

This training course focused on freedom of expression and human rights. Associations from Greece, Cyprus, Germany, Czech Republic, Poland and Italy were attending. 30 youngsters in the same place, all day, talking, laughing, sharing, comparing, learning from each others. Growing up. A week may not seem enough to establish deep connections, but actually it is. It was not the first time I bond so much with other people in such a short time, but every time it’s always difficult to interiorize it.

Personally I love stories. I believe that human beings are made of stories. We have always lived of stories and we will always do. During this training I asked every participant’ story: there was the Italian guy who barely spoke English but with his expressiveness and his attitude towards life could make himself understood better than anyone else; there was a Russian political refugee who had fled to Berlin because he was persecuted for a project on the political vote; there was the Indian volunteer in Germany who wanted to stay in Europe to study climate change. There were other stories. And then there was me, becoming richer with all of these stories.

Each of these people made possible that the project could be finalized in an perfect way. Also of course thanks to the two trainers, Alex and Luiza, who were fantastic. Always available and smiling, they were able to fully involve us in all activities, managing the timing without being too rigid.

Team working, dialogue, conflict resolution, reflection and debate to reach a common goal were all important elements included during the activities. These tools were used to create cohesion in the group, pushing us to clash and argue, and then eventually making us more united.

All of this obviously through non-formal education, in which the learning process is not meant to be one-way. No coincidence that some hours were consecrated as an open space, in which everyone could choose what they wanted to share, teach, and learn from others.

Before leaving I was very curious to know how other countries with different contexts had managed to conquer freedoms and rights. It was very interesting to learn from the presentations and plays of the participants the facts and the stories that took place in their nations: struggles, protests, requests and sacrifices to gain fundamental rights and freedoms. At the same time it was useful to understand that for some of us certain rights are taken for granted, while for others they are not. Reading it is a thing, hearing it from the voices of those who directly experienced the reflection of these actions is another.

Another activity that really made me think was when we had to identify a series of newspaper articles reporting respects or violations of the 30 points reported in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It is surprising how much we got used to the fact that these rights are often not respected, to the point that we see it almost as a normality and we do not consider it outrageous anymore. We must remember not to take anything for granted, not even the most elementary things, and that we too must be part of the cange we want in the society.

It is such a pity that I cannot take part in the third part of this project that will be held Cyprus, but I am sure that the next participants will be able to appreciate the work that will be done.

 

Simone Grassi[:]

[:it]Ultimo training del progetto “Get Up Stand Up” a Cipro a Ottobre[:]

[:it]Il progetto “Get Up Stand Up” è arrivato alla sua fase conclusiva. L’organizzazione YEU Cyprus accoglierà il terzo ed ultimo training course che si terrà dal 24 al 30 Ottobre 2019 a Pedoulas, Cipro.

Siamo alla ricerca di 2 partecipanti che siano interessati alla tematica dei diritti umani, giovani educatori, attivisti e/o operatori giovanili.

Il corso di formazione prevede la partecipazione di giovani provenienti da Cipro, Grecia, Germania, Polonia, Repubblica Ceca, Italia.

L’obiettivo del corso è quello di rafforzare la capacità degli operatori giovanili europei per considerare costruttivamente i conflitti e le ingiustizie nelle loro comunità attraverso la sensibilizzazione e la promozione del cambiamento. Basandosi sulla diversa storia della difesa dei diritti umani e attivismo in Europa, i partecipanti impareranno a usare i diritti umani fondamentali e considereranno i conflitti come strumenti di trasformazione per analizzare le situazioni che si trovano ad affrontare in modo da trovare risposte non violente prima di concettualizzare strategie per rendere le loro campagne efficaci. 

Molto spesso non è la mancanza di interesse che fa desistere la maggior parte di noi dall’impegno contro le ingiustizie, ma piuttosto una sensazione di non sapere come fare e da dove iniziare. Il corso di formazione cerca di responsabilizzare chiunque sia disposto a sostenere i diritti umani degli altri e non solo i propri.

Il training si svilupperà attraverso metodologie di educazione non-formale.

Il progetto è finanziato dal progetto Europe for citizens.

Costi:

  • Vitto e alloggio saranno coperti dall’organizzazione ospitante;
  • I costi di viaggio saranno rimborsati fino ad un massimo di 275€;
  • Costo tesseramento annuale H.R.Y.O.: 25€.

Per ulteriori informazioni consulta l’infopack

Per candidarti invia il tuo cv a valeria.buscemi@hryo.org entro il 15 settembre.

 

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[:en]FINN Conference – Malta[:]

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The Freedom Is Not Negotiable (FINN) conference took place in Malta, St. Julian’s, on the 16th of March 2019, and was organized by Cross Cultural International Foundation (CCIF). CCIF is a non-profit organization that has been stationed in Malta since 2012, and it is one of the organizations that H.R.Y.O is cooperating with on many different projects. The conference was a part of different activities connected to a project funded by the Malta Community Chest Fund (MCCF) with the purpose of doing preventative anti- human trafficking work.

The conference started with a performance of elementary school children that had created a role-play, and an informing presentation to show what they had learned about human trafficking. Involving children in the work against human trafficking is of high relevance, as children from an early age needs to understand the dangers as well as recognize suspicious behavior and situations. Especially with the potential modern threat of the Internet and social medias, which makes it easier for predators to approach children. The performance was followed by short welcoming remarks by CCIF president Alec Douglas who among other things talked about the project activities, and the approach they have used, where their focus is to involve all the relevant stakeholders in the Maltese community (such a politicians, authorities, civil community, schools, NGO´s…) to create awareness, and find concrete solutions to work against human trafficking. The welcoming remarks were followed by a speech by the Maltese President Mrs. Marie Louise Coleiro Preca, and then a speech by the Parliamentary Secretary Julia Farrugia Portelli.

CCIF invited two former victims of human trafficking as speakers at the conference to share their stories. Although their stories were quite unique and different, both gave us an insight into different ways a person can be subject to human trafficking. Human trafficking is a wide subject, and people’s idea of human trafficking is often limited to the more “visible” forms of trafficking, where one person is abducted and the captivity is physical and clear between the trafficker and victim.

The stories told by the former victims demonstrated different forms of human trafficking where the victims were held captive with “invisible chains”, and did not necessarily know they were victims of human trafficking.. To prohibit this kind of human trafficking, the speakers pointed out that access to healthy role-models, creating awareness and involving the subject in school curriculums, are important methods to prohibit it.

A major part of the conference was to involve the youth participants: therefore CCIF arranged workshops. The participants were divided into two groups, where one group discussed how the youths could be more engaged in the work against human trafficking and how to raise awareness while the other group discussed the political policies and structures that needs to be changed order to create more effective work to end human trafficking. There was a diversity of participants at the conference, and came from different countries, with diverse backgrounds (educational, social and professional) and life- experiences. This made the workshop educational and productive in the sense of sharing knowledge, and point of views on different aspects of the subject.

The conference was highly informative and interactive and opened our eyes to new ways to engage the youths in the work against human trafficking as well as ways to raise awareness. H.R.Y.O will use this knowledge to in a better way work against human trafficking in Palermo.[:]

[:en]Prevention of trafficking in human beings – a conference with a special focus on victims from Nigeria[:]

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Nigeria is a source, transit and destination of human trafficking, and especially when it comes to sexual exploitation of women and children. On a global level, Nigeria is the largest source of trafficked human beings, where most of them are trafficked to Asia and Europe for sexual exploitation.  The people who are trafficked are often low educated and low skilled.

There are numerous reasons why Nigerians ends up in human trafficking. The main factor is the socio-economic situation in Nigeria. The situation is for many Nigerians hopeless, children are often forced to work instead of going to school due to poverty, there is severe economic hardship, with few opportunities, and millions are unemployed, there is also bad economic policies, brain drain and bad foreign exchange.  This leads people to migrate to Europe for better opportunities, or families might force one of their children to migrate or into trafficking with the belief that it will benefit the family economically.  Other reasons include, ethno-religious violence, gender-based discrimination, and polygamy – where women often lose their inheritance, property and income and are subject to discrimination, isolation and stigma.

Many Nigerians migrate to look for better opportunities and a brighter future in Europe, but it comes with an enormous cost. The most common routes to take are through Libya and then go to Italy, and then from Morocco to go to Spain. Many Nigerians are often stranded in these two transit countries, and are facing abuse and violence, and many women and girls are forced into sex trafficking. Many people are also often lured into trafficking, by people who claim to help them over to Europe, but are betraying their trust and force them into trafficking.

Nigeria has migration laws and policies, but it is difficult to have control of the boarders and who is entering the country. This is due to the pattern of migration, the porous, and poorly managed borders in the desert, and the economic partnership agreement ECOWAS (Economic Community Of West African States) opens up for free labor movement between the member states in the west, hence transnational movement of trafficked human beings in and out of Nigeria is problematic.

There is also numerous of issues related to trafficked women who return to their home community. First of all, often due to the ignorance of the people in their home community – the victims often don’t speak about what they have been experiencing.  Secondly, the returnees often feel hopeless and shameful, and have lost their dignity and self-esteem, and there is a lot of stigma around the. Homelessness is also common. Many victims might develop anti-social behavior, drug abuse or go back into prostitution.

Due to the hopeless situation in Nigeria, the youths often have resentment towards the government, and no longer believe that hard work will pay off. The youths are desperate, and are often suffering from the “get rich quick syndrome” – which leads them into fraud and criminal activities.

Native, local, doctors in Nigeria are also luring women into prostitution and trafficking, where women are subject to voodoo, and have to take an oath of secrecy. This lead them to fear for themselves and their families well-being if they don’t keep their oath, and are also not likely to cooperate with the police in the destination country to get out of sex trafficking.

Practices to prevent human trafficking

Throughout the whole conference representatives from different organizations and countries have shared their practices when it comes to preventing human trafficking.

Prevention, awareness and protection in country of origin

Prevention in the country of origin is the key to end human trafficking. Educating youths and children form an early age about human trafficking cuts the rates of trafficked human beings within the community. People should be informed about all the risks and issues of trafficking and the possibility of legal migration, work abroad and their rights.  There are many ways different organizations work on preventing human trafficking;

Most of the prevention actions are targeting children and youths. Secondary school children are often targeted for human trafficking, as traffickers take advantage of their ignorance and naivety. Therefore one organization has created an “anti-trafficking handbook” for schools, to raise awareness from and early age as well as educate girls on the “red flags”. Other organizations are trying to prevent human trafficking by involving the schools and the school community to raise awareness, and talk about human trafficking and the issues surrounding the topic in each subject in the school, as well as creating a safe place for the children and youths where they have adults they can trust. Attitudes towards gender stereotypes also need to be challenged, and changed. The school should be a place where boys and girls are seen as equal. Another common action towards the prevention of human trafficking in the country of origin is prevention and awareness campaigns, where stories of victims are told and information given.

The involvement of community leaders is also important in the prevention of human trafficking. Community leaders have a lot of power and can reach out to the whole community – as prevention of human trafficking only can be tackled through collaboration and unity – the community leaders plays an important role. The local community itself also plays an important role when it comes to reintegration of trafficked human beings – they need to be accepting and understanding so the victims can recover.

Another organization has a different approach in preventing human trafficking. As one of the main reasons for human trafficking is the huge flow of migration from Nigeria due to the socio-economic situation of the country and the high number of unemployment, this organization is focusing on creating work opportunities for youths in the country of origin. In addition to work opportunities, they are offering skill training and courses.

 

Protection and support in the destination country

Trafficked human beings are often invisible, with no rights in the destination countries.  The challenges they are dealing with are both legal and social as well as challenges regarding health and safety.

When it comes to the legal challenges, human trafficking victims are struggling with migration policies, asylum applications and legal residence. Many victims are staying in the destination country illegally and are lacking proper identification documents, and without legal residence these victims have no rights – among other things they cannot get a job, they cannot get education, they cannot get medical attention and they cannot get proper protection. Many organizations are helping with these legal issues, for example by helping victims obtain their original identification from their home country so they can apply for asylum or having a medical clinic for migrants/victims where there is no need to have documentation or help out with lawyers in court in the prosecution of traffickers.

When it comes to the social challenges, victims of human trafficking are struggling with integration, language, work, food, housing, discrimination, and information. There are multiple organizations around Europe that helps the victims with these issues, some have centers where the victims can stay and eat as well as get training, counseling, psychological help and information about their rights and opportunities. Other organizations are offering language or training courses or helping with housing and work, and some organizations are offering different kinds of assistance and support. There are also a few organizations that help victims of human trafficking in returning to their home country.

One of the main issues when it comes to victims of human trafficking is their fear and lack of trust in the police and social services, and fears the repercussions on themselves or their family if they go to the police, as well as they often don’t see themselves as victims.  Due to this, many organizations are focusing on training specialists, social workers, police, and others who work with victims to deal with these issues.

There are also schools that acknowledge the different problems of human trafficking and trying to tackle it by raising awareness and informing the youths, in order to make them aware, active and engaged. In schools, many relationships are created and knowledge and ideas exchanged, and schools have many tools that should be utilized – demonstration is for example one useful tool to raise awareness and inform about sexual exploitation and modern slavery.

Furthermore, the collaboration of different organizations and networks that protect victims of human rights are of high importance and is making a big difference.

 

Research findings

The conference was based on a extensive project, where research in different countries was the main part. Researchers from the respective countries Italy, Austria, Germany, Malta and Spain presented the following findings:

Italy
The Arab spring, the economic crisis in Nigeria and Boko Haram, are all factors for an increased migrant flow from Nigeria and hence more human trafficking. Migrants meet people who say they will help them – but they are cheating and lying. Both men and women are being lured/forced into human trafficking in Libya – which is a transit country for Nigerians migrating to Europe. Criminal organizations will take advantage of any situation.

Before people organized fake documents and sent them with flights to Europe, but now people are not taking this route – instead people are smuggled without documents.  In Italy trafficked human beings can apply for asylum, but this can take up to 3 years, and in the meantime, without resident permit, the victims of human trafficking have few rights, and are often exploited. However, many of these people will eventually get national protection – but it’s difficult if they don’t have documentation.

Austria
There is not many Nigerian victims in the Austrian asylum system: 4% of 42,000 in 2016, where 2% were granted asylum. It is the police and the social sector that identify victims of human trafficking. However Nigerian victims do not often cooperate with the police and often don’t see themselves as victims. Therefore NGOs and the frontline identify many more victims than the police. Some trends found in the research were that women often are exploiters or traffickers, so called “madams”, and that women dominate the trafficking industry and that trafficked Nigerian minors are told to be of age.

Germany
Germany is a destination for human trafficking, and there are a huge number of non-identified trafficked human beings. Identification is important in order to start giving them a new life and protection.  Therefore they see that social training for identifying and dealing with human trafficking is needed, for police and other social/public institutions. The victims usually arrive from Italy or Spain, and it is usually social workers that identify victims.

Malta
Malta is a source, transit and destination for human trafficking, but there have been a positive development on this issue in the past years. In the legal framework, human trafficking is criminalized. And the legislation on gender-based violence and domestic violence aims to protect the victims. However, brothels in Malta are usually disguised as beauty or massage saloons, and previously such saloons needed a license to operate, but not anymore which makes it difficult to investigate.

Some of the trends that were found was that the majority victims of sexual exploitation in Malta are from Asia and Romania.  Recruitment into human trafficking happens in many forms: by madams, through the “boyfriend” method, by traffickers and by spiritual contracts/oaths/voodoo. The researcher have also encountered multiple issues, first of all, there is issues with data, its difficult to get sufficient data materials, secondly trafficked human beings disappear from the systems, there is a under-reporting of cases, there is no adequate knowledge about human trafficking and its lack of coordination among stakeholders.

Spain
The routes Nigerians take to get to Europe is usually through either Libya or Morocco. The trip to get to these countries often takes 1,5 years. Nigerians going to Spain are going through Morocco, and here they are often abused and subject to violence. This travel process is often traumatic. The trends of victims of human trafficking in Spain is that the victims are often young, and unaccompanied, they have low education and they are alone, pregnant or with child/children.

It is NGOs, doctors, social workers and police that detect trafficked human beings, and the identification of victims is done by the police together with the support from social mediators.  Police in cooperation with NGOs does the criminal investigation and the protection and integration of victims is done by NGOs and the state. However, it is difficult to identify and protect victims. This is because of different approaches in detecting and identifying victims, and the Spanish systems are weak – insufficient skills among workers, lack of general and specific knowledge and lack of facilities to address human trafficking.

The research also identified a repetitive spiral of trafficking, where the victim is rescued, but is lacking social and financial security, which leads to low self-esteem and can result in the victim is returning to prostitution, as it is a familiar environment.

Recommendations for fighting human trafficking in the future

Most of the organizations mentioned an extensive need for more collaboration, and broader networks of organizations – not collaboration only between organizations and specialists, but also with governments, municipalities, states and institutions, as well as collaboration across continents – organizations in Europe should work closely with local organizations and communities in Nigeria and other “source” countries.

There is also a need to develop better preventive and protective strategies aimed at youths, and teach them prevention skills early on.  There is a need for awareness campaigns and seminars to become more effective and widespread as well as developing a good anti-trafficking strategy.  Prevention campaigns targeting boys and men are also recommended in order to teach them that sexual exploitation is inhumane and to decrease the demand of sex trafficking.

Many organizations also called for the different governments to take more actions. They should condemn violence, adopt more strict laws, penalties and sanctions and ensure prober policies and legislations regarding human trafficking.

There was a common understanding among the partners of the conference that there is also a need for more professional training for frontline, specialists and NGOs, social workers, police and for anyone dealing directly with human trafficking. In addition, there is a great need for more personalized support and security for the victims.

Lastly, many of the organizations represented in the conference stated that there is a need for increased funding and support for organizations that work against human trafficking, especially specialized NGOs.  There is also a need to identify specific indicators aimed at detecting/identifying victims of human trafficking, as well as there is a need to carrying out more research.

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[:en]REST – Refugee Employment Support and Training[:]

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In the recent years the European labor market has been facing many different challenges, including skill shortage, ageing workforce and lack of motivated apprentices. The high number of refugees that have entered Europe in the recent years might be a solution to these problems – however companies are hesitant to hire refugees due to their unclear professional and educational background, their different culture and religion and their legal situation.

REST is a European project, co-financed by AMIF of the European Union with the aim to contribute to a better integration of refugees into the European labor market.  The project also works to encourage employers to recruit and integrate refugees in their business, which includes getting rid of the stigma surrounding refugee workers as well as how to deal with cultural and religious diversity in the workplace.

Integrating refugees into the labor market have many benefits – for the refugee, for the company and for the labor market. When it comes to the refugees, they will have income, they will have the opportunity to practice and become more fluent in the local language, expand their network and become more socially integrated. The companies will have the opportunity to get new perspectives, or learn new ways of doing specific tasks as the refugees possesses different work experiences and are custom to different ways of working. The companies will also learn new cultures and get a broader diversity among the employees, which will reflect well on the company’s image.  When it comes to the labor market, employing refugees and other minorities are important in overcoming prejudice, discrimination and stereotypes when it comes to immigrant workers, it will contribute to a broader and more diverse labor force, and last but not least, immigrant workers will contribute in a positive way in the economy and will be a solution to the aforementioned challenges in the labor market.

However, refugees face many barriers when it comes to entering the labor market. Discrimination and prejudice is central but the biggest barriers are administrational or legal – to get legal residence permit and work visa is a major challenge especially after the new regulations from 2018.  The new regulations have eliminate one form of protection for refugees – and now they can only apply for one year humanitarian protection, which can not be renewed but only exchanged into a work visa, and that is only possible of the refugee already have a job. Without a legal resident permit, the immigrants are not able to get a job and not able to banking service and many more services. Another obstacle is the application for a permanent resident permit, in order to be eligible the applicant have to finish schooling in Italy, and have valid identification – the latter poses the biggest problem – as many of the immigrants entering Italy don’t have identification.

As long as the refugees possess a legal resident permit – companies are able to employ and integrate them into their business. In order to increase the number of refugees in the labor market, it is necessary to train employers – here are some information employers might find useful:

  • Employers need to be as clear about tasks and expectations as possible – refugees are costumed to different work environments and in order to avoid miscommunication this is essential.
  • Employers should be flexible when it comes to religious and cultural diversity. Some religious/cultural aspects that the employer should know about are e.g. Ramadan, hijab and other religious/cultural clothing, handshake and other contact between man and women.
  • Employers should also be aware about the Italian constitution article 19 and 41, that protects the immigrant’s religious freedom.
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[:it]Felicia racconta il progetto “Human Rights Education versus Cyber-hate”[:]

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Per conto di HRYO, tra il 2 e l’8 Dicembre 2018 ho preso parte al progetto “Human Rights Education versus Cyber-hate”: un training course organizzato da SEAL CYPRUS presso Larnaca (Cipro). L’ONG cipriota, nata nel 2013 a Nicosia, si pone la complessa missione di promuovere la formazione giovanile tramite metodi d’educazione informale, ed in questo senso il progetto cui ho partecipato incorporava l’approccio ai Diritti Umani nel lavoro e pensiero giovanile, al fine di combattere gli incitamenti all’odio su internet.

Insieme agli altri 35 partecipanti, Youth workers provenienti da diverse ONG Europee, abbiamo lavorato su diverse attività basate su dialogo e promozione ai diritti umani sia sul web che sui media, al fine di sviluppare un pensiero critico tra che possa diminuire l’hate speech tra i giovani europei.

Tra le tante attività di discussione si sono susseguiti workshop basati su casi di discriminazione individuale e sociale; presentazioni personali circa il background che i partecipanti avevano nel campo dei diritti umani (la mia presentazione ad esempio, era concentrata su discriminazione di genere e cyber bullismo); incontri ufficiali, dapprima con Yiannis Yiannaki, il Commissario al Volontariato e le NGO di Cipro, e Myrto Katsouri in rappresentanza dell’Europe Direct Information Center del comune di Larnaca in seguito.
Il training ha avuto un grande impatto sulla mia persona, in quanto sia riuscito ad aumentare la consapevolezza sui pericoli silenziosi che l’odio online cova, ed I rischi che esso comporta a livello personale e sociale.

Il training course è stato finanziato da Erasmus+/Youth attraverso l’Agenzia Nazionale del Programma, lo Youth Board di Cipro.

Felicia Modica[:]

[:it]International Day Against Fascism and Antisemitism[:]

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Racism is a relic of the past or a real problem nowadays?

9th November 2018 marks the 80th anniversary of the ‘Kristallnacht’ pogrom in 1938 in Germany and Austria, turning the discrimination against Jews that started in 1933 to a systematic persecution, which culminated in the Holocaust merely three years later.

Fascism, however, did not cease to exist after 8th May 1945. Today, racist, fascist and Neo-Nazi movements are on the rise all over Europe. Neo-Nazis hunt and assault migrants, Muslims, Jews,  Roma, LGBTQ-activists, people living with disabilities and other minorities, using rallies as a cover-up for their hate-crimes.

Since the early 1990s, UNITED for Intercultural Action has organised and inspired annual pan-European antiracist activities on 9 November. This date has several reasons, firstly, to commemorate victims of the “Kristallnacht” pogrom and, more broadly, victims of the Holocaust and of fascism throughout history. Secondly, to raise awareness about the danger of racism, anti-semitism, right-wing extremism and neo-fascism today. The third main reason is to mobilise different groups and individuals to build a common front against xenophobia, intolerance, hate and violence.

The European Parliament is concerned by the increasing normalisation of fascism, racism and xenophobia and calls on EU member states to ban neo-fascist and neo-Nazi groups.

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20181018IPR16527/parliament-demands-ban-on-neo-fascist-nd-neo-nazi-groups-in-the-eu

Interesting fact:

 

  • The name “Kristallnacht” (“Crystal Night”) was obtained in connection with the many broken windows of shops and shopping places. The occasion was the revenge for the murder of a German diplomat E. Rath by a Polish Jew, who committed an act of vengeance for the expulsion of his parents from Germany.
  • One of the largest manifestations of xenophobia was the apartheid regime in the Republic of South Africa. It was implemented by official policy that supported separated life of white and black people. For combating this phenomenon, Nelson Mandela was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

 

 

To  know more about the history of antisemitism you can take the online course developed by Yad Vashem, the world holocaust remembrance center. https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/antisemitism

For a short history of fascism click here[:]

[:en]Access to information – a privilege or a right?[:]

[:en]Today, 28 September, the whole world celebrates International Right to Know Day.

This date has been celebrated since 2003 after the idea to celebrate and promote the International Day of the Right to Know was expressed on September 28, 2002 at a conference devoted to freedom of information, which was held in Sofia, Bulgaria. Representatives of Freedom of Information (FOI) organizations from 15 countries took part – Albania, Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Georgia, Hungary, India, Latvia, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, Romania, Slovakia, South Africa, and USA, as well as representatives of international organizations which work in the field.

The aim of the international date is recalling the right of every person to access to government information. It is important because freedom to seek, receive and disseminate information is one of the most important political and personal human rights which is included in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The right of society to receive information from public services is one of the signs of openness of governance, it is included in the constitutions of many countries. The right to know allows people to make informed choices, actively participate in the life of the country. It also helps the authorities to work with the population together to improve their living conditions.

On this day civil activists and organizations arrange a wide range of activities to raise awareness on the right of information and to foster making democratic societies. They organize conferences, trainings, competitions, award ceremonies, concerts, theatre performances, movies, launch info-requesting campaigns and web sites, etc. to this end.

The London Human Rights organization Article 19 makes a great contribution to the celebration of the significant date, and this is what her Senior Legal Counsel David Banisar says about this: “The right to know is celebrated in almost 50 countries around the world in order to emphasize the right of citizens to information which allows to monitor the activities of government officials. Our organization is named in honor of the 19th article of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which guarantees freedom of speech. Our goal is to provide access to information about the actions of the government – on what they spend government funds, how they make decisions and what are their future plans”.

 

For additional information see the link: http://foiadvocates.net

Olga Rogalevich[:]

[:it]Memento – Una storia d’amore[:]

[:it]Siamo stati testimoni di una storia incredibile che merita di rimbalzare di bocca in bocca perché rappresenta un aspetto molto importante e poco conosciuto dell’immigrazione: “MEMENTO – Siamo nomi non numeri” è per noi la chiusura di una vicenda che si è aperta tempo fa, e che adesso ha trovato una conclusione.

Francis, migrante sopravvissuto ad un naufragio del 25 maggio 2017, e che ora vive in un centro d’accoglienza nel Nord Italia, dopo molti mesi di ricerche, è riuscito a mettersi in contatto con HRYO Human Rights Youth Organization che, giusto qualche mese fa, aveva organizzato insieme a Maghweb l’incontro “Anatomia di un naufragio”, raccontando un aspetto sconosciuto ai più: cosa ne è dei corpi di chi non ce l’ha fatta durante la traversata per raggiungere l’Europa?

La moglie di Francis è morta lungo il viaggio verso l’Italia, il suo corpo è stato recuperato insieme ai superstiti da un’imbarcazione a cui per giorni è stato negato l’attracco a causa del G7 in corso proprio in quei stessi giorni Taormina. Subito dopo lo sbarco Francis non ha mai saputo più nulla del corpo della moglie. Ha chiesto aiuto ad HRYO per uscire da quel limbo che accomuna migliaia di migranti: ritrovare le spoglie dei propri familiari, elaborare definitivamente il lutto, chiudere il cerchio.

Siamo riusciti a trovare la tomba con il numero corrispondente all’identità della moglie. Si tratta in genere di fosse anonime, disseminate in varie parti della Sicilia, senza croce perché si sconosce la religione degli annegati. Su quella tomba abbiamo fissato un nome: Mary.

Francis ha avuto il permesso di raggiungere in treno Palermo (un viaggio di 20 ore, da Nord a Sud) per partecipare ad un piccolo “rito” allo Stato Brado, venerdì 25 maggio scorso, al quale ha preso parte la comunità nigeriana che risiede a Palermo e l’Associazione Donne Di Benin City Palermo: “MEMENTO” è stato un abbraccio, una celebrazione, un incontro, una festa, per raccontare la storia di un numero che torna, finalmente, ad essere nome.

Quando avviene uno sbarco, subito, i vivi vengono separati dai morti e di quest’ultimi in genere non si hanno più notizie: non è prevista una procedura per il riconoscimento dei cadaveri perché nessuno può attestare la veridicità delle dichiarazioni fatte da un migrante. Pensiamo che il problema dell’oblio dell’identità dei morti in un naufragio dovrebbe diventare argomento di discussione. Pensiamo che sia importantissimo battersi contro la normalizzazione della tragedia a cui ci siamo davvero abituati.

Abbiamo raccontato a quanti più giornali e radio possibili questa storia, non per ricercare una facile visibilità, ma per provare a contrastare, anche se solo per un attimo, quel processo di normalizzazione che non ci fa rendere conto che la storia di Francis potrebbe essere la storia di ciascuno di noi;

Rassegna Stampa:

[:]

“Signed Voices”: aperte le selezioni per uno scambio giovanile sulla LIS

Ti piacerebbe far parte di un nuovo entusiasmante programma di scambio giovanile Erasmus+ nell’estate 2018? Se hai tra i 18 e i 30 anni, sei sordo e vuoi conoscere di più sulla lingua dei segni britannica e internazionale, vorremmo sentirti. Quindi, di cosa stiamo parlando?

Questo entusiasmante scambio si basa sul progetto “Signed Voices” svolto in Inghilterra nel 2016, che ha catturato, attraverso dei video i ricordi, le esperienze e i valori contemporanei della Comunità inglese dei non udenti; per mostrarli oggi e conservarli per le generazioni future.

Esplorare il nostro patrimonio e quello degli altri è una via per il riconoscimento, il rispetto e l’identità. Tuttavia, la maggior parte delle persone non sa cosa significa “Patrimonio dei sordi” e ignora che le lingue dei segni dei diversi paesi sono lingue complesse con le proprie forme grammaticali e artistiche. Le persone sorde che usano LIS o le altre lingue dei segni hanno il loro patrimonio culturale e linguistico che però non sempre viene riconosciuto come tale dalle altre comunità linguistiche.

Signed Voices è stato un “progetto di storia orale” con al centro il linguaggio dei segni. Ha consentito ai membri della comunità dei sordi di condividere il proprio patrimonio con una comunità più ampia e ha creato un’eredità duratura. Deafway ha collaborato con i volontari Sordi per filmare ricordi e pensieri contemporanei, in brevi interviste semi-strutturate – condotte in lingua dei segni da coppie di persone sorde che hanno deciso il proprio argomento di intervista. Questo è culminato in un evento di celebrazione e riflessione condivisa.

Questo scambio sarà la continuazione del progetto originale, questa volta a livello europeo riunendo giovani sordi provenienti da Regno Unito, Polonia, Italia, Grecia ed Estonia per conoscere le comunità e le culture sorde di altri paesi. Avremo l’opportunità di conoscerci e di conoscere le nostre somiglianze e differenze, di crescere come giovani sordi europei. Durante lo scambio verrà insegnato ai partecipanti come filmare e modificare video. L’obiettivo dello scambio è quello di produrre video che riprendano conversazioni dei giovani partecipanti sui temi più vari per registrare e condividere le esperienze e i valori dei giovani sordi europei. I partecipanti potranno beneficiare di questi video e delle nuove competenze acquisite portandole nel proprio paese per replicare il progetto lì, rimanendo in contatto tra di loro per creare e rafforzare la rete di giovani sordi in tutta l’UE.

Lo scambio si svolgerà a Preston, in Inghilterra, dal 30 luglio al 14 agosto 2018. Tutti i viaggi e gli alloggi saranno pagati. Se sei interessato a film, media, eredità e cultura dei non udenti, questa è essere l’occasione per te.

Cliccando sul seguente link troverai il video della presentazione del progetto in LIS:
https://drive.google.com/file/d/1oL7u9wQjA8yDqaqCeMrvq5BSRTso818O/view?usp=sharing

Qui invece il video con tutte le informazioni su come candidarsi:
https://drive.google.com/file/d/1D8nQI9atATwnQ8i9xwkswlDzymQJuT3j/view?usp=sharing