We all live in a world where we are able to make our own choices and decisions for own interests. Choices define us and our personality and allow us to determine our potential in all life spheres. Discussing about child marriage girls are deprived of this chance that is a form of violence robbing the liberties and freedoms that all humans have. Now days worldwide a lot of girls suffer because of the child marriage, they are getting married being in their teens age some of the brides are holding their toys during the ceremony, afterwards they become pregnant while they are children’s themselves: “I don’t know how children are made. But they get pregnant… They carry it inside their stomach. Then they deliver and it comes out a baby.” Tehani married at 6 in Yemen.
Child marriage brings girls childhood and adolescence to a premature end imposing adult’s roles before the girls are emotionally prepared. Approximately 16 million teenage girls aged 15-19 are giving birth in developed countries. Preventing and avoiding child marriage will reduce pregnancy, maternal death or other disabilities.
Poverty is one of the biggest factors of the child marriage, persisting more in the rural parts of the countries. Sometimes it can be a part of tradition, usually parents making this decisions think that it can safeguard their daughters future.Consequences girls drop out of school. The best for the girls is education, good health and the choice to make decision not only regarding to marriage but in all aspects of life. The Program covers four regions: Eastern and South Africa, the Middle East and North Africa, South Asia, and West and Central Africa. Saharan Africa still has some of the highest rates of the child marriage South Asia is home to the largest numbers of child brides.
United Nations moved to adopt the elimination of child marriage as part of its gender equality goal within the 2030 Sustainable Development Goal framework, under Target 5.3 on harmful practices. The wish to achieve these goals in mind, UNICEF and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) secured funding and support to put in place joint efforts to combat child marriage: the Global Programme to Accelerate Action to End Child Marriage, the first official year of which is reported on here (https://www.unicef.org/protection/57929_92681.html). As a group collaborating together UNFPA produced a report named “Marrying too young. End child marriage”, by Population and Development Branch and Sexual and Reproductive Health Branch, (https://www.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/pub-pdf/MarryingTooYoung.pdf ).
In recent years child marriage has gained increasing prominence on international and national agendas. Now days there are an exclusive momentum to help in accelerating our efforts to help for the change the lives of young women. It requires work across all sectors and at all levels. Girls not Brides is a global partnership of more than 900 civil society organizations committed to ending child marriage and enabling girls to fulfill their potential. (https://www.girlsnotbrides.org/)
Child marriage affects girls in far greater numbers than boys, both women and men aged 18 years and older were married or in union before ages 15 and 18, according to UNICEF statistics 720 million women were married before age 15 comparing to 156 million of men married after age 15 but before age 18.
The highest rates of child marriage are found in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, that means that almost half of all child brides worldwide live in South Asia and 1in 3 are in India. The 10 countries with the highest rates of child marriage are downward: Nigeria, Bangladesh, Chod, Mali, Central African Republic, India, Guinea, Ethiopia , Burkina Faso, Nepal.(https://data.unicef.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/Child-Marriage-Brochure-HR_164.pdf )
Ending child marriage will help break the intergenerational cycle of poverty by allowing girls and women to participate more fully in society. Empowered and educated goals are better able to nourish and care for their children, leading to healthier, smaller families. When girls are allowed to be girls, everybody wins.