“Signed Voices”: aperte le selezioni per uno scambio giovanile sulla LIS

Ti piacerebbe far parte di un nuovo entusiasmante programma di scambio giovanile Erasmus+ nell’estate 2018? Se hai tra i 18 e i 30 anni, sei sordo e vuoi conoscere di più sulla lingua dei segni britannica e internazionale, vorremmo sentirti. Quindi, di cosa stiamo parlando?

Questo entusiasmante scambio si basa sul progetto “Signed Voices” svolto in Inghilterra nel 2016, che ha catturato, attraverso dei video i ricordi, le esperienze e i valori contemporanei della Comunità inglese dei non udenti; per mostrarli oggi e conservarli per le generazioni future.

Esplorare il nostro patrimonio e quello degli altri è una via per il riconoscimento, il rispetto e l’identità. Tuttavia, la maggior parte delle persone non sa cosa significa “Patrimonio dei sordi” e ignora che le lingue dei segni dei diversi paesi sono lingue complesse con le proprie forme grammaticali e artistiche. Le persone sorde che usano LIS o le altre lingue dei segni hanno il loro patrimonio culturale e linguistico che però non sempre viene riconosciuto come tale dalle altre comunità linguistiche.

Signed Voices è stato un “progetto di storia orale” con al centro il linguaggio dei segni. Ha consentito ai membri della comunità dei sordi di condividere il proprio patrimonio con una comunità più ampia e ha creato un’eredità duratura. Deafway ha collaborato con i volontari Sordi per filmare ricordi e pensieri contemporanei, in brevi interviste semi-strutturate – condotte in lingua dei segni da coppie di persone sorde che hanno deciso il proprio argomento di intervista. Questo è culminato in un evento di celebrazione e riflessione condivisa.

Questo scambio sarà la continuazione del progetto originale, questa volta a livello europeo riunendo giovani sordi provenienti da Regno Unito, Polonia, Italia, Grecia ed Estonia per conoscere le comunità e le culture sorde di altri paesi. Avremo l’opportunità di conoscerci e di conoscere le nostre somiglianze e differenze, di crescere come giovani sordi europei. Durante lo scambio verrà insegnato ai partecipanti come filmare e modificare video. L’obiettivo dello scambio è quello di produrre video che riprendano conversazioni dei giovani partecipanti sui temi più vari per registrare e condividere le esperienze e i valori dei giovani sordi europei. I partecipanti potranno beneficiare di questi video e delle nuove competenze acquisite portandole nel proprio paese per replicare il progetto lì, rimanendo in contatto tra di loro per creare e rafforzare la rete di giovani sordi in tutta l’UE.

Lo scambio si svolgerà a Preston, in Inghilterra, dal 30 luglio al 14 agosto 2018. Tutti i viaggi e gli alloggi saranno pagati. Se sei interessato a film, media, eredità e cultura dei non udenti, questa è essere l’occasione per te.

Cliccando sul seguente link troverai il video della presentazione del progetto in LIS:
https://drive.google.com/file/d/1oL7u9wQjA8yDqaqCeMrvq5BSRTso818O/view?usp=sharing

Qui invece il video con tutte le informazioni su come candidarsi:
https://drive.google.com/file/d/1D8nQI9atATwnQ8i9xwkswlDzymQJuT3j/view?usp=sharing

[:it]Saffron from the UK tells us about her impressions of IRETI project[:]

[:it]Arriving to and being in Palermo is a strange, yet wonderful experience. An authentic robust city, filled to the brim with loud, rich culture. Palermo seems somehow untouched by society and the greater world, and I’ve been told quite a few times that Palermo is the closest thing, in terms of living, to Africa.

 

For me, as an African who has never been to the motherland, it’s very interesting to witness a community, which is likened to Africa, but it is even more interesting as the African community is prominent and proud. A walk through Ballaro will show you just how much, but there is a lingering question that remains whens coming across this community “Where are the women?”

 

The streets are dominated with males, and it makes me wonder, as someone who is in Palermo to work on the IRETI project, which explores the sex trafficking of the Nigerian Benin women with H.R.Y.O, where are the women of the African community? They’re rarely seen, and I then begin to wonder about the things I have learnt so far during my time here in this project.

 

Joining our mentor Alessandra to meetings quite often at Casa Mediterranea delle Donna, where we were able to meet with other women who worked with organisations revolving around Domestic Abuse, Women’s Rights, Prostitution and Sex Trafficking and creating safe spaces for women, I was able to learn of a law that has been implemented in Palermo, one that has banned women, during peak tourist times, to be within certain areas wearing revealing clothes. This was to defer those women who are either prostituting or have been sex trafficked from working in a space that the tourists, or the locals would see, causing them to hide, or worse, to be trafficked elsewhere.

 

It’s absurd to think that behind Palermo’s initial encapsulating charm, that below the surface lays a world that is rife with violence, drug abuse, sex trafficking and a government that would rather hide than protect. A world that not only makes you think about the safety of the migrant women, but one that makes you think of Palermo’s systems in whole.

 

The little I’ve seen, and the little I’ve learnt in my stay here has been both worrying and comforting- on one hand I see a community that seems tight knit, freedom, a village mentality and spaces that have been created to help migrants, integrate cultures, protect women and keep the community spirit of Palermo alive; and on the other, I’ve seen first hand the poverty, the lack of opportunities, the lack of societal structure and the divide in class and culture.

 

Still, without a doubt, I can say that I have fallen in love with this city and the way of life here, but more must be done.[:en]Arriving to and being in Palermo is a strange, yet wonderful experience. An authentic robust city, filled to the brim with loud, rich culture. Palermo seems somehow untouched by society and the greater world, and I’ve been told quite a few times that Palermo is the closest thing, in terms of living, to Africa.

 

For me, as an African who has never been to the motherland, it’s very interesting to witness a community, which is likened to Africa, but it is even more interesting as the African community is prominent and proud. A walk through Ballaro will show you just how much, but there is a lingering question that remains whens coming across this community “Where are the women?”

 

The streets are dominated with males, and it makes me wonder, as someone who is in Palermo to work on the IRETI project, which explores the sex trafficking of the Nigerian Benin women with H.R.Y.O, where are the women of the African community? They’re rarely seen, and I then begin to wonder about the things I have learnt so far during my time here in this project.

 

Joining our mentor Alessandra to meetings quite often at Casa Mediterranea delle Donna, where we were able to meet with other women who worked with organisations revolving around Domestic Abuse, Women’s Rights, Prostitution and Sex Trafficking and creating safe spaces for women, I was able to learn of a law that has been implemented in Palermo, one that has banned women, during peak tourist times, to be within certain areas wearing revealing clothes. This was to defer those women who are either prostituting or have been sex trafficked from working in a space that the tourists, or the locals would see, causing them to hide, or worse, to be trafficked elsewhere.

 

It’s absurd to think that behind Palermo’s initial encapsulating charm, that below the surface lays a world that is rife with violence, drug abuse, sex trafficking and a government that would rather hide than protect. A world that not only makes you think about the safety of the migrant women, but one that makes you think of Palermo’s systems in whole.

 

The little I’ve seen, and the little I’ve learnt in my stay here has been both worrying and comforting- on one hand I see a community that seems tight knit, freedom, a village mentality and spaces that have been created to help migrants, integrate cultures, protect women and keep the community spirit of Palermo alive; and on the other, I’ve seen first hand the poverty, the lack of opportunities, the lack of societal structure and the divide in class and culture.

 

Still, without a doubt, I can say that I have fallen in love with this city and the way of life here, but more must be done[:]

[:it]Memento – Siamo nomi non numeri[:]

[:it]

Siamo stati testimoni di una storia incredibile che merita di rimbalzare di bocca in bocca perché rappresenta un aspetto molto importante e poco conosciuto dell’immigrazione: “MEMENTO – Siamo nomi non numeri” è per noi la chiusura di una vicenda che si è aperta tempo fa, e che adesso ha trovato una conclusione.

Francis, migrante sopravvissuto ad un naufragio del 25 maggio 2017, e che ora vive in un centro d’accoglienza nel Nord Italia, dopo molti mesi di ricerche, è riuscito a mettersi in contatto con HRYO Human Rights Youth Organization che, giusto qualche mese fa, aveva organizzato insieme aMaghweb l’incontro “Anatomia di un naufragio”, raccontando un aspetto sconosciuto ai più: cosa ne è dei corpi di chi non ce l’ha fatta durante la traversata per raggiungere l’Europa?

La moglie di Francis è morta lungo il viaggio verso l’Italia, il suo corpo è stato recuperato insieme ai superstiti da un’imbarcazione a cui per giorni è stato negato l’attracco a causa del G7 in corso proprio in quei stessi giorni Taormina. Subito dopo lo sbarco Francis non ha mai saputo più nulla del corpo della moglie. Ha chiesto aiuto ad HRYO per uscire da quel limbo che accomuna migliaia di migranti: ritrovare le spoglie dei propri familiari, elaborare definitivamente il lutto, chiudere il cerchio.

Siamo riusciti a trovare la tomba con il numero corrispondente all’identità della moglie. Si tratta in genere di fosse anonime, disseminate in varie parti della Sicilia, senza croce perché si sconosce la religione degli annegati. Su quella tomba abbiamo fissato un nome: Mary.

Francis ha avuto il permesso di raggiungere in treno Palermo (un viaggio di 20 ore, da Nord a Sud) per partecipare ad un piccolo “rito” allo Stato Brado, venerdì 25 maggio alle ore 19, al quale prenderà parte la comunità nigeriana che risiede a Palermo e l’Associazione Donne Di Benin City Palermo: “MEMENTO” è un abbraccio, una celebrazione, un incontro, una festa, per raccontare la storia di un numero che torna, finalmente, ad essere nome.

Quando avviene uno sbarco, subito, i vivi vengono separati dai morti e di quest’ultimi in genere non si hanno più notizie: non è prevista una procedura per il riconoscimento dei cadaveri perché nessuno può attestare la veridicità delle dichiarazioni fatte da un migrante. Pensiamo che il problema dell’oblio dell’identità dei morti in un naufragio dovrebbe diventare argomento di discussione. Pensiamo che sia importantissimo battersi contro la normalizzazione della tragedia a cui ci siamo davvero abituati.[:]

[:it]Tina from Romania shares her first impressions of IRETI project[:]

[:it]

There is no doubt that the idea of volunteering abroad is a big leap of faith into the unknown, so when I first heard about “IRETI- Empowering Women and Strengthening Socioeconomic Integration” project in Palermo, I just said “No”. I thought I had multiple reasons to refuse: I was feeling I was too old to participate. I was frightened not to accommodate easily in a new city and environment. I feared not being able to fully relate to the topic or simply not being able to help enough. But then, I started to wondering myself if finding excuses for not going, not trying or not helping are actually..not helping me? So, with this in mind, I decided to give it a try, after all, in the worst case scenario, I could just call it quits and just return home. Useless to say that wasn’t the case. My first week here passed in a heartbeat, adjusting myself living in Palermo being surprisingly easy, as was discovering Palermo’s rich culture, history and of course the vibrant nightlife.

As the days passed and we started focusing on our project here, I started feeling overwhelmed. Our first task here implied research work: getting to know better the phenomenon of human trafficking, and we found out alarming numbers. In 2014, the trickle of a few hundred women a year grew to nearly 1,500. The following year, it increased again to 5,600. In 2016, at least 11,009 Nigerian women and girls arrived on Italian shores. The numbers for  2018 are expected to be in the same ascending line. The journey, for these girls is a nightmare of abuse and violence, many are forced into prostitution already in Libya in the so-called connection houses to start paying the debt contracted with traffickers at the time of departure – which varies between 20 and 50 thousand euros – and that is often signed by a voodoo ritual, known as juju oath. They believe that if they don’t fulfill their obligations, demonic spirits would haunt them daily and eventually drive them mad. The help exists, though; some organizations or NGOs are fully committed in assisting them to break free from their traffickers. Unfortunately, most NGOs initiatives to change the status quo are blocked due to the lack of funds and of the authorities’ disengagement to resolve the problem. Only an extremely small part of victims of human trafficking are are placed in a safe house, which is supposed to try to integrate them into European life with school and job training, with the goal of becoming independent. Having this information gathered, I wondered how these women felt physically, psychologically and emotionally after they escaped from that hell. Well, I met them through Donne di Benin City, an organization whose goal is freeing the victims, but at the same time making the voices of the victims heard by the public institutions. As surprising as it may be, these brave women found strength to laugh, enjoy life and look forward to the future with optimism and hopefulness.[:en]There is no doubt that the idea of volunteering abroad is a big leap of faith into the unknown, so when I first heard about “IRETI- Empowering Women and Strengthening Socioeconomic Integration” project in Palermo, I just said “No”. I thought I had multiple reasons to refuse: I was feeling I was too old to participate. I was frightened not to accommodate easily in a new city and environment. I feared not being able to fully relate to the topic or simply not being able to help enough. But then, I started to wondering myself if finding excuses for not going, not trying or not helping are actually..not helping me? So, with this in mind, I decided to give it a try, after all, in the worst case scenario, I could just call it quits and just return home. Useless to say that wasn’t the case. My first week here passed in a heartbeat, adjusting myself living in Palermo being surprisingly easy, as was discovering Palermo’s rich culture, history and of course the vibrant nightlife.

As the days passed and we started focusing on our project here, I started feeling overwhelmed. Our first task here implied research work: getting to know better the phenomenon of human trafficking, and we found out alarming numbers. In 2014, the trickle of a few hundred women a year grew to nearly 1,500.

 

The following year, it increased again to 5,600. In 2016, at least 11,009 Nigerian women and girls arrived on Italian shores. The numbers for  2018 are expected to be in the same ascending line. The journey, for these girls is a nightmare of abuse and violence, many are forced into prostitution already in Libya in the so-called connection houses to start paying the debt contracted with traffickers at the time of departure – which varies between 20 and 50 thousand euros – and that is often signed by a voodoo ritual, known as juju oath.

 

They believe that if they don’t fulfill their obligations, demonic spirits would haunt them daily and eventually drive them mad. The help exists, though; some organizations or NGOs are fully committed in assisting them to break free from their traffickers. Unfortunately, most NGOs initiatives to change the status quo are blocked due to the lack of funds and of the authorities’ disengagement to resolve the problem. Only an extremely small part of victims of human trafficking are are placed in a safe house, which is supposed to try to integrate them into European life with school and job training, with the goal of becoming independent. Having this information gathered, I wondered how these women felt physically, psychologically and emotionally after they escaped from that hell.

 

Well, I met them through Donne di Benin City, an organization whose goal is freeing the victims, but at the same time making the voices of the victims heard by the public institutions. As surprising as it may be, these brave women found strength to laugh, enjoy life and look forward to the future with optimism and hopefulness.[:]

[:it]Child Marriage [:en]Child Marriage [:]

[:it]We all live in a world where we are able to make our own choices and decisions for own interests. Choices define us and our personality and allow us to determine our potential in all life spheres. Discussing about child marriage girls are deprived of this chance that is a form of violence robbing the liberties and freedoms that all humans have. Now days worldwide a lot of girls suffer because of the child marriage, they are getting married being in their teens age some of the brides are holding their toys during the ceremony, afterwards they become pregnant while they are children’s themselves: “I don’t know how children are made. But they get pregnant… They carry it inside their stomach. Then they deliver and it comes out a baby.” Tehani married at 6 in Yemen.

Child marriage brings girls childhood and adolescence to a premature end imposing adult’s roles before the girls are emotionally prepared. Approximately 16 million teenage girls aged 15-19 are giving birth in developed countries. Preventing and avoiding child marriage will reduce pregnancy, maternal death or other disabilities.

Poverty is one of the biggest factors of the child marriage, persisting more in the rural parts of the countries. Sometimes it can be a part of tradition, usually parents making this decisions think that it can safeguard their daughters future.Consequences girls drop out of school. The best for the girls is education, good health and the choice to make decision not only regarding to marriage but in all aspects of life. The Program covers four regions: Eastern and South Africa, the Middle East and North Africa, South Asia, and West and Central Africa. Saharan Africa still has some of the highest rates of the child marriage South Asia is home to the largest numbers of child brides.

United Nations moved to adopt the elimination of child marriage as part of its gender equality goal within the 2030 Sustainable Development Goal framework, under Target 5.3 on harmful practices. The wish to achieve these goals in mind, UNICEF and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) secured funding and support to put in place joint efforts to combat child marriage: the Global Programme to Accelerate Action to End Child Marriage, the first official year of which is reported on here (https://www.unicef.org/protection/57929_92681.html).  As a group collaborating together UNFPA produced a report named “Marrying too young. End child marriage”, by Population and Development Branch and Sexual and Reproductive Health Branch, (https://www.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/pub-pdf/MarryingTooYoung.pdf ).

In recent years child marriage has gained increasing prominence on international and national agendas. Now days there are an exclusive momentum to help in accelerating our efforts to help for the change the lives of young women. It requires work across all sectors and at all levels. Girls not Brides is a global partnership of more than 900 civil society organizations committed to ending child marriage and enabling girls to fulfill their potential. (https://www.girlsnotbrides.org/)

Child marriage affects girls in far greater numbers than boys, both women and men aged 18 years and older were married or in union before ages 15 and 18, according to UNICEF statistics 720 million women were married before age 15 comparing to 156 million of men married after age 15 but before age 18.

The highest rates of child marriage are found in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, that means that almost half of all child brides worldwide live in South Asia and 1in 3 are in India. The 10 countries with the highest rates of child marriage are downward: Nigeria, Bangladesh, Chod, Mali, Central African Republic, India, Guinea, Ethiopia , Burkina Faso, Nepal.(https://data.unicef.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/Child-Marriage-Brochure-HR_164.pdf )

Ending child marriage will help break the intergenerational cycle of poverty by allowing girls and women to participate more fully in society. Empowered and educated goals are better able to nourish and care for their children, leading to healthier, smaller families. When girls are allowed to be girls, everybody wins.[:en]We all live in a world where we are able to make our own choices and decisions for own interests. Choices define us and our personality and allow us to determine our potential in all life spheres. Discussing about child marriage girls are deprived of this chance that is a form of violence robbing the liberties and freedoms that all humans have. Now days worldwide a lot of girls suffer because of the child marriage, they are getting married being in their teens age some of the brides are holding their toys during the ceremony, afterwards they become pregnant while they are children’s themselves: “I don’t know how children are made. But they get pregnant… They carry it inside their stomach. Then they deliver and it comes out a baby.” Tehani married at 6 in Yemen.

Child marriage brings girls childhood and adolescence to a premature end imposing adult’s roles before the girls are emotionally prepared. Approximately 16 million teenage girls aged 15-19 are giving birth in developed countries. Preventing and avoiding child marriage will reduce pregnancy, maternal death or other disabilities.

Poverty is one of the biggest factors of the child marriage, persisting more in the rural parts of the countries. Sometimes it can be a part of tradition, usually parents making this decisions think that it can safeguard their daughters future.Consequences girls drop out of school. The best for the girls is education, good health and the choice to make decision not only regarding to marriage but in all aspects of life. The Program covers four regions: Eastern and South Africa, the Middle East and North Africa, South Asia, and West and Central Africa. Saharan Africa still has some of the highest rates of the child marriage South Asia is home to the largest numbers of child brides.

United Nations moved to adopt the elimination of child marriage as part of its gender equality goal within the 2030 Sustainable Development Goal framework, under Target 5.3 on harmful practices. The wish to achieve these goals in mind, UNICEF and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) secured funding and support to put in place joint efforts to combat child marriage: the Global Programme to Accelerate Action to End Child Marriage, the first official year of which is reported on here (https://www.unicef.org/protection/57929_92681.html).  As a group collaborating together UNFPA produced a report named “Marrying too young. End child marriage”, by Population and Development Branch and Sexual and Reproductive Health Branch, (https://www.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/pub-pdf/MarryingTooYoung.pdf ).

In recent years child marriage has gained increasing prominence on international and national agendas. Now days there are an exclusive momentum to help in accelerating our efforts to help for the change the lives of young women. It requires work across all sectors and at all levels. Girls not Brides is a global partnership of more than 900 civil society organizations committed to ending child marriage and enabling girls to fulfill their potential. (https://www.girlsnotbrides.org/)

Child marriage affects girls in far greater numbers than boys, both women and men aged 18 years and older were married or in union before ages 15 and 18, according to UNICEF statistics 720 million women were married before age 15 comparing to 156 million of men married after age 15 but before age 18.

The highest rates of child marriage are found in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, that means that almost half of all child brides worldwide live in South Asia and 1in 3 are in India. The 10 countries with the highest rates of child marriage are downward: Nigeria, Bangladesh, Chod, Mali, Central African Republic, India, Guinea, Ethiopia , Burkina Faso, Nepal.(https://data.unicef.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/Child-Marriage-Brochure-HR_164.pdf )

Ending child marriage will help break the intergenerational cycle of poverty by allowing girls and women to participate more fully in society. Empowered and educated goals are better able to nourish and care for their children, leading to healthier, smaller families. When girls are allowed to be girls, everybody wins.[:]

[:it]International Romani Day[:en]International Romani Day[:]

[:it]International Romani Day

The International Roma Day, marked on 8 April each year, was proclaimed in 1990 at the Fourth Congress of the International Roma Union, which took place in Warsaw.

The date was chosen in memory of April 8, 1971, when the first international meeting of representatives of the Roma ethnic group took place near London, at which time the foundations of an international Roma organization, called the International Roma Union, starting with 1993 it has the statute of consultative organization beside United Nations.

Stereotypes, racism, and cultural differences have led to centuries of discrimination, persecution, and genocide against Roma people around the world.

The purpose of this day is to draw society’s attention to the problems faced by the Roma, to improve the educational situation and, at the same time, to claim the civil rights of the Roma. According to the official website of the European Parliament, www.europarl.europa.eu, the Roma are the largest ethnic minority in Europe, with 10 000 000 living in Europe, of which 6 000 000 in the countries of the European Union, many of whom are often exposed to various forms of intolerance and even social exclusion.

The indifference regarding Roma developed a lot of criticism, hate speech and violence against individuals, entire communities in different forms of injustice and racism. The International Roma Day aided the world to focus on putting the human rights of Roma, including minority rights, at the center of all State inclusion policies and measures.

UN Special Rapporteur Rita Izsák : “It is high time for Roma to be considered as full partners in society, with much of value to contribute, and not only as beneficiaries or as a problem to be solved,” she said, regretting that according to recent reports, the number of Roma speakers in high-level meetings about Roma inclusion is still limited. Europe cannot stand for exclusion.

The first documentary attestation of Roma communities dates back to 1068, from the Byzantine Empire. There are several theories about the place of origin of the Roma. Some specialists believe that they would come from Egypt, while others are advancing the hypothesis of coming from the northwestern Indian province of Punjab.

The Romani flag is comprised of two longitudinal stripes, the lower green one symbolizing Romani people’s close connection to nature, and the upper blue their connection to heaven, or to the philosophical and spiritual realm. The wheel in the center, which covers both stripes, symbolizes pilgrimage and traveling and is based on the ancient Indian wheel of fate. The wheel originally had 16 spokes and its bright red color corresponds to the first chakra and the element of earth.

The lyrics of the international Romani anthem, “Gelemgelem”, were set to a traditional melody by the Romani musician and politicianJarkoJovanović of Belgrade. (http://www.didaweb.net/mediatori/articolo.php?id_vol=273)

In Palermo the majority of Roma people are coming from Kosovo and Montenegro, in the past years there were around 500 roms, now there are only 127 divided into twenty-six families, they live in wooden or masonry shacks. In the last two years, a dozen of families, on the list in the ranking of the housing emergency, managed to get accommodation. It’s a slow process because there are more than a thousand families asking for asylum.

The mayor has agreed with the prefect the start of a path of guarantees, legal and social, for families for their inclusion in the urban context, he claimed that Roma camps dont have to exist, and for this reason in the sprit of Palermo Charter they are working with the perfecture to involve public instiututions and private structures of the city in process of divestment of the Roma camp, to achieve a dual objective: to develop the area of the Favorita and protect the people living there (http://palermo.repubblica.it/cronaca/2017/03/23/news/il_comune_demolizione_per_il_campo_rom_della_favorita_-161233678/[:en]International Romani Day

The International Roma Day, marked on 8 April each year, was proclaimed in 1990 at the Fourth Congress of the International Roma Union, which took place in Warsaw.

The date was chosen in memory of April 8, 1971, when the first international meeting of representatives of the Roma ethnic group took place near London, at which time the foundations of an international Roma organization, called the International Roma Union, starting with 1993 it has the statute of consultative organization beside United Nations.

Stereotypes, racism, and cultural differences have led to centuries of discrimination, persecution, and genocide against Roma people around the world.

The purpose of this day is to draw society’s attention to the problems faced by the Roma, to improve the educational situation and, at the same time, to claim the civil rights of the Roma. According to the official website of the European Parliament, www.europarl.europa.eu, the Roma are the largest ethnic minority in Europe, with 10 000 000 living in Europe, of which 6 000 000 in the countries of the European Union, many of whom are often exposed to various forms of intolerance and even social exclusion.

The indifference regarding Roma developed a lot of criticism, hate speech and violence against individuals, entire communities in different forms of injustice and racism. The International Roma Day aided the world to focus on putting the human rights of Roma, including minority rights, at the center of all State inclusion policies and measures.

UN Special Rapporteur Rita Izsák : “It is high time for Roma to be considered as full partners in society, with much of value to contribute, and not only as beneficiaries or as a problem to be solved,” she said, regretting that according to recent reports, the number of Roma speakers in high-level meetings about Roma inclusion is still limited. Europe cannot stand for exclusion.

The first documentary attestation of Roma communities dates back to 1068, from the Byzantine Empire. There are several theories about the place of origin of the Roma. Some specialists believe that they would come from Egypt, while others are advancing the hypothesis of coming from the northwestern Indian province of Punjab.

The Romani flag is comprised of two longitudinal stripes, the lower green one symbolizing Romani people’s close connection to nature, and the upper blue their connection to heaven, or to the philosophical and spiritual realm. The wheel in the center, which covers both stripes, symbolizes pilgrimage and traveling and is based on the ancient Indian wheel of fate. The wheel originally had 16 spokes and its bright red color corresponds to the first chakra and the element of earth.

The lyrics of the international Romani anthem, “Gelemgelem”, were set to a traditional melody by the Romani musician and politicianJarkoJovanović of Belgrade. (http://www.didaweb.net/mediatori/articolo.php?id_vol=273)

In Palermo the majority of Roma people are coming from Kosovo and Montenegro, in the past years there were around 500 roms, now there are only 127 divided into twenty-six families, they live in wooden or masonry shacks. In the last two years, a dozen of families, on the list in the ranking of the housing emergency, managed to get accommodation. It’s a slow process because there are more than a thousand families asking for asylum.

The mayor has agreed with the prefect the start of a path of guarantees, legal and social, for families for their inclusion in the urban context, he claimed that Roma camps dont have to exist, and for this reason in the sprit of Palermo Charter they are working with the perfecture to involve public instiututions and private structures of the city in process of divestment of the Roma camp, to achieve a dual objective: to develop the area of the Favorita and protect the people living there (http://palermo.repubblica.it/cronaca/2017/03/23/news/il_comune_demolizione_per_il_campo_rom_della_favorita_-161233678/[:]

One World – A great experience

 

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That moment that 11 nationalities meet each other to create, grow and live the reality of peace together. Sounds like a dream, and luckily that dream came true in the Youth Exchange ‘One World’, hosted by HRYO from 22nd to 30th of October in Palermo, Sicily. During this Youth Exchange young people experienced what it means to be curious towards other realities, use the voice of understanding and realise a peaceful intercultural community. One knows that a dream about the realisation of ‘One World’ is becoming a reality when participants call each other family.

During this week participants discovered the influence that media has on their perception of ‘the other’, they shared their hope, dreams and fears about the future, investigated the concept of peace and translated this into action. They recorded a song to include people in their experience and invite the world to become part of a peaceful movement. They also discovered their talents and qualities which they can use in building the ‘One World’ reality and made a personal decision on the next step they will take.

Participants left the project with an open mind, more experience of other cultures, hope, and inspiration for the realisation of ‘One World’.

I have a dream, a dream of a peaceful world, and it became even bigger after this week. I thank God, the participants and HRYO for this experience. The world is mine, the world is yours, the world is ours!

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The cultures of Palermo- Human Rights and Migration

Palermo has a very moved history that everyone knows about: Phoenician times, Roman Empire, Arab Conquest, Normans… We all know this part. But what about today’s Palermo? Who lives with whom and what are the problems that this leads to?

In the Palermo of 2016, we find a Chinese quarter at via Lincoln and behind the train station, a lot of Bengali shops in via Marqueda and different African populations in Ballarò. Other minorities, such as Arabs of different origins, people from the Americas or European migrants do not have a fixed spot where all of them live, they live spread across the city and often adapt so much to the original society that they are hardly distinguishable from “traditional” Sicilians.

Different groups came at different times because of different reasons, the Sri Lankan community for example came to Italy since the 1970s and mainly during the 1980s after a civil war broke out in Sri Lanka. The Tamil community (one of the populations of Sri Lanka) consists of more than 8000 people and is therefore the largest in entire Italy, you find their shops mainly in via Marqueda where the sell incense, clothing, traditional food and more, the Hindu communities also organise some festivities such as the Holi festival together, and of course, you can join. The African community is made up from people from different, mainly East African, countries. They live together in the centre of the city, mainly in Ballarò and speak there tribal languages and English or French, they own shops where you can let your hair be braided, buy and eat different African foods and buy traditional or not so traditional clothing. The members of the African community are fleeing civil war, revolution or poverty in their native countries and had to cross the desert to Libya to be illegally smuggled across the Mediterranean until their arrival in Italy. The African community in its entirety is relatively new and many of its members are fresh residents of Palermo, this community is steadily growing and its number is hard to estimate, as people come and leave and are often not properly registered. The Arab communities are divided by nationalities, they arrive in large numbers mainly from Syria, Ethiopia and Egypt, but there is also a Tunisian community in Palermo, which is a bit older and whose members often blend in with the Sicilian population. Syrians and Ethiopians are leaving their home countries in masses to flee war, dictatorship, religious fundamentalism, poverty and prosecution. Migrants from inside the European Union do defintitly exist, but the numbers are hard to estimate, as EU-citizens do not need visa or working permission to live in Palermo, it is also easier for them to come and to go.

Since the beginning of the so-called “migrant crises”, the percentage of foreign residents in Palermo increased from 5% to 25%and a city that did not know Black or Asian people is now a mosaic of ethnicities and religions.

The mayor of Palermo, Leoluca Orlando is determined to keep the mixed image of the city and supports migration and multi-ethnicity. In the “International Human Mobility Charter of Palermo” of the year 2015, he defines the right to migration as a basic human right and states that we should leave the thought, that migrants worsen the current situation, behind. Old ideas about emergency solutions without long-term consideration of the fact that people are moving because they have to, not because they want to should be left behind. We should work on a long-term solution regarding migration and how we can live together peacefully. He proposed the abolishment of the residence permit, which, according to him, only dehumanises migrants and makes people dependant on a bureaucratic process which can throw them back immensely in their process of integration.

Minors and victims of illegal trade should be given the right to be given asylum without requirement of passports or other documents and guardianship should be guaranteed fast.

Migration is considered a human right and the status of different types of migrants are defined in many different conventions and treaties, and yet, exactly these rights are often violated. States should be obliged to respect, protect and fulfil human rights, this means, state authorities are not allowed to torture or capture migrants of any kind, a state should protect migrants’ human rights by not allowing discrimination to happen, this means, that states should pay attention that migrants have the same access to work, living and other fundamental rights and investigate if human rights abuses are reported. Fulfilling human rights means that states should take positive measures to implement human rights, these measures can include consulting migrants about their needs and developing projects together and many more.

In Article 13 of the International Declaration on Human rights, it is stated that “everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country“, so the right to leave is guaranteed, but unfortunately, the right to enter another country is more limited and every state can decide independently on how to deal with immigrants of different kinds.

Even though the right to migration is not guaranteed, the right to seek asylum is (Article 14 of Universal Declaration on Human rights). Everyone has the right to seek for protection in another state and states are even obliged to help and protect refugees, as they are not voluntarily finding the decision to migrate.

If you are part of a different culture or are interested in cultures, you are very much invited to our festival: “Meet me Halfway” which will take place from 23rd to 25th of september.

 

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Parte il Progetto Little wings – A trip to the recognition of our rights.

Parte il Progetto Little wings – A trip to the recognition of our rights.

 

logo-eyf-nb-02.pngGrazie al finanziamento dello European Youth Fundation, organo del Consiglio d’Europa, l’associazione H.R.Y.O. Human Rights Youth Organization ha iniziato oggi il primo step del progetto Little Wings, volto all’inclusione sociale di soggetti svantaggiati che vivono nell’area palermitana.

 

Per la prima volta giovani migranti e minori coinvolti in percorsi di giustizia riparativa saranno messi nelle condizioni di lavorare insieme e condividere opinioni, stereotipi e idee, al fine di aumentare la consapevolezza circa l’importanza dell’integrazione e del riconoscimento dell’altro inteso come risorsa.

 

Il primo passo, dedicato al target dei migranti, è un corso di italiano propedeutico alle attività progettuali che avranno luogo dal 12 al 18 settembre 2016. In questo modo entrambi i target potranno confrontarsi e comunicare.

 

Le attività previste consentiranno ai partecipanti di sviluppare competenze educative, personali e comunicative, e di saper esprimere le proprie opinioni su questioni specifiche che li riguardano, come islamofobia, xenofobia e sessismo, nonché di creare un ambiente comunicativo costruttivo con l’altro.

 

Ci auspichiamo che i partecipanti instaurino delle relazioni con i loro coetanei e che siano motivati a prendere parte a questo tipo di attività anche in futuro. Solo con l’inclusione sociale, infatti, si possono abbattere i pregiudizi.

Il Dalai Lama Compie oggi 81 anni

Dalai_Lama_WallpaperTenzin Gyatso, meglio conosciuto come il XIV Dalai Lama, massimo esponente spirituale del Tibet, oggi compie 81 anni. Alla nascita il suo nome era Dhondup Lhamo. La sua famiglia aveva origini contadine. Quando raggiunse la tenera età di 2 anni, lo riconobbero come la reincarnazione di colui che lo precedette. I Dalai Lama in Tibet vengono considerati dei leader spirituali, e rappresentano il risultato finale del processo di reincarnazione del Buddha della Compassione.

Il Dalai Lama si considera con umiltà un monaco buddhista, allontanando da sé qualsiasi sentimento di presunta superiorità nei confronti degli altri esseri viventi. Non vive nella vanagloria, perché la ritiene inutile, superflua e distruttiva, ma la sua dimora è nella pace e nell’uguaglianza. Per il buddhismo tibetano nessuno è perfetto, ma perfettibile. Nella vita non esiste una strada maestra, perlopiù ci sono dei percorsi di consapevolezza, più o meno chiari, a seconda del livello di comprensione raggiunto da ogni essere vivente nella sua attuale reincarnazione. Il Dalai Lama, come ogni altro leader spirituale che si rispetti e che sia degno di portare questo nome, irradia al mondo intero i suoi messaggi di pace e di tolleranza, di rispetto e di uguaglianza. Ciò che lo muove nel suo cammino di consapevolezza  è l’amore per tutto il creato, per ogni essere vivente, animale o vegetale che sia. Insegue l’amore per la verità, perché solo così si può anelare al raggiungimento della perfezione.

Il suo impegno e la sua dedizione a favore della lotta non violenta lo portarono al raggiungimento del Premio Nobel per la Pace, nel lontano 1989.

La H.R.Y.O. è da sempre molto vicina alla Guida Spirituale Buddhista in quanto ha sin dal 2009 sposato la causa tibetana. “ A causa dell’occupazione e del genocidio tibetano ad opera del Governo Cinese” dichiara Marco Farina “ non si sono potute applicare all’interno della Regione del Tibet quelle riforme democratiche che avrebbero fatto del popolo tibetano un modello per l’umanità intera. Tali riforme sono state comunque attuate all’interno del Governo tibetano in esilio. La questione tibetana, dimenticata da molti, ci da prova ancora oggi di come gli interessi economici prevalgano sugli interessi legati ai Diritti Umani.”